Periodontology is a branch of dental medicine that studies the diseases and treatment of the tooth supporting structures – periodontium.

The periodontium consists of the gingiva (gums), alveolar bone and the periodontal ligament that connects the tooth to the alveolar bone.

For many people, the term of periodontology is an imaginary concept. On the other hand, gingivatis or periodontitis (paradontosis) are well-known terms since they are one of the most widely spread diseases of the oral cavity.


  • Bleeding gums during brushing! Bleeding is definitely a reason for you to visit your dentist. The surface of the gums is the same as the surface of the palm

  • Red, swollen, tender gums. The color of normal gum tissue is typically coral pink. If the gums become swollen, red and inflamed, that should be a reason to visit a dentist

  • Gums that recede from the teeth

  • Pus when pressing against the gums

  • Permanent teeth that are loose, separating or changing position. This happens if there are toothless areas in the mouth not repaired by bridges, implants or prostheses

Gingivitis is described as an inflammation of the gums (gingivae), while periodontitis is a set of inflammatory diseases affecting the tissues surrounding the teeth.

Gingivitis and periodontitis are serious inflammatory diseases of the oral cavity and, if left untreated, can cause loss of the tooth supporting structures, gums and bone, which can ultimately lead to tooth loss.


  1. Enamel – a firm mineralized substance that covers the dentine in the outer layer of the tooth

  2. Dentine – firm calcareous tissue,that forms the major portion of a tooth

  3. Dental pulp -part of a tooth made up of living connective tissue and cells

  4. Gingiva – a soft tissue, bounded to the underlying bone, protecting the supporting structures from bacterial penetration

  5. Alveolar bone – one of the main supporter of the tooth.

  6. Root canal – the space extending from the bottom of the dental pulp chamber to the root of the tooth

  7. Periodontal ligament –  attaches the tooth to the alveolar bone

  8. Cementum -the layer of bone-like tissue covering the root

Your oral hygiene plays an extremely important role in order to prevent periodontal diseases. Daily brushing and flossing can help you protect from harmful bacteria and microbes that cause dental problems.

If You have noticed one or more of the above symptoms, we strongly we would strongly recommend that you get an appointment at our dental center Orto-Nova.

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